The Great Gatsby is a 2013 American film based on 's. The film was co-written and directed by and stars as the eponymous, with,,, and. Production began in 2011 and took place in Australia, with a 5 million net production budget. The film follows the life and times of billionaire Jay Gatsby and his neighbor Nick Carraway (Tobey Maguire), who recounts his encounter with Gatsby at the height of the on.
The film polarized critics, receiving both praise and criticism for its acting performances, soundtrack, visual style, and direction. Audiences responded more positively and Fitzgerald's granddaughter praised the film, stating "Scott would have been proud." As of 2017, it is Luhrmann's highest-grossing film, grossing over 3 million worldwide. At the, the film won in both of its nominated categories: and.
In 1929,, a veteran, is receiving treatment for at a. He talks about, the most hopeful man he had ever met. Nick's doctor suggests that he writes his thoughts down, since writing is Nick's passion. In the summer of 1922, Nick moves from the to New York after abandoning writing. He rents a small house in the village of West Egg, next to the mansion of Gatsby, a mysterious business magnate who often holds extravagant parties. One day, while Nick has dinner with his cousin,, and her husband, Tom, he is introduced to Jordan Baker by Daisy, who hopes to make a match between them. When Nick returns home, he sees Gatsby standing on the dock, reaching towards the green light coming from the Buchanan dock.
Jordan tells Nick that Tom has a mistress who lives in the "", an industrial dumping site between West Egg and The City. Nick and Tom visit the valley and stop at a garage owned by George Wilson and his wife, Myrtle, Tom's mistress. Later, Nick receives an invitation to one of Gatsby's parties. Upon arrival, Nick learns he is the only one to receive an invitation and none of the guests have ever met Gatsby. Nick encounters Jordan, and both meet Gatsby. Gatsby offers Nick a ride to town for lunch. On the way, Gatsby tells Nick he is an graduate and war hero from a wealthy Midwestern family. They go to a, where Gatsby introduces Nick to his business partner, Meyer Wolfsheim.
Jordan tells Nick that Gatsby had a relationship with Daisy years ago and is still in love with her, and that Gatsby threw parties in the hopes that Daisy would attend. Gatsby asks Nick to invite Daisy to tea. After an awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy begin an affair. Gatsby is dismayed when Daisy wants to run away with him and wants her to get a divorce. He asks Nick and Jordan to accompany him to the Buchanan home, where he and Daisy plan to tell Tom that Daisy is leaving him. During the luncheon, Tom becomes suspicious of Gatsby and Daisy, but Daisy stops Gatsby from revealing anything to Tom and suggests they all go to the. Tom drives Nick and Jordan in Gatsby's car, while Gatsby drives Daisy in Tom's car. Tom stops for gas at George's garage, where George tells him that he and Myrtle are moving and that he suspects Myrtle is unfaithful.
At the Plaza, Gatsby tells Tom of his affair with Daisy. Tom accuses Gatsby of having never attended Oxford and having made his fortune through with mobsters. Daisy says she loves Gatsby but cannot bring herself to say she never loved Tom. Eventually, both Gatsby and Daisy leave. After fighting with George over her infidelity, Myrtle runs into the street and is fatally struck by Gatsby's car after mistaking it for Tom's. After learning about Myrtle's death, Tom tells George that the car belongs to Gatsby and that he suspects Gatsby was Myrtle's lover. Nick deduces Daisy was the driver, and she was the killer too. Nick overhears Daisy accepting Tom's promise to take care of everything, but he does not tell Gatsby. Gatsby admits to Nick that he was born penniless; his real name is James Gatz, and he had asked Daisy to wait for him until he had made something of himself.
The next day, Gatsby hears the phone ringing and thinks it is Daisy. Before he can answer it, he is shot and killed by a vengeful George, who then commits suicide. Nick is the only person other than reporters to attend Gatsby's funeral, as Daisy and Tom are leaving New York. The media paints Gatsby as Myrtle's lover and killer. Disgusted with both the city and its inhabitants, Nick leaves after taking a final walk through Gatsby's deserted mansion and reflecting on Gatsby's ability to hope. In the sanatorium, Nick finishes typing his memoir, titling it The Great Gatsby.
- as, a famous billionaire who hosts wild parties at his house in the hope that Daisy will show up. great gatsby shoes 2018
- as, a would-be writer who is also Gatsby’s neighbor and friend. He is the narrator of this movie.
- as, Gatsby’s former lover, Tom’s wife and Nick's cousin.
- Emily Foreman as Pamela "Pammy" Buchanan
- as Tom Buchanan, Upper class socialite who hates Gatsby because of his new money status and relationship with Daisy
- as Jordan Baker, Golf athlete and Daisy's best friend
- as Myrtle Wilson, Tom's mistress and ambitious social climber
- as George Wilson, owner of garage in Valley of Ashes
- as Meyer Wolfsheim, a gambler who met Gatsby in 1919.
- as Dr. Walter Perkins
- as Catherine
- as Young Jay Gatsby
- as Herzog
- as Owl Eyes
- as Daisy's mother
- Gus Murray as Teddy Barton
- as Dan Cody
- as Michaelis
- as Henri
- as Mrs. Mckee
- Eden Falk as Chester Mckee
- Nick Jantz as Robert Stellenbosh
- as Trimalchio
- as Ewing Klipspringer
- Kahlia and Karinna Greksa as The Twins
- Blake Hatton as Rowdy Boy #1
Prior to this version, there had already been and numerous other dramatic adaptations of 's acclaimed 1925. In December 2008, Variety reported that this film adaptation was to be made with as director.
Luhrmann stated that he planned it to be more up-to-date due to its theme of criticizing the often irresponsible lifestyles of wealthy people. To commit to the project, in September 2010 Luhrmann moved with his family from Australia to in, where he had intended to film The Great Gatsby. While Luhrmann was at the in January 2011, he told that he had been workshopping The Great Gatsby in 3D, though he had not yet decided whether to shoot in the format. In late January 2011, Luhrmann showed doubt about staying on board with the project, before deciding to stay.
In 2010, it was reported that the film was being set up by but by 2011, was close to acquiring a deal to finance and take worldwide distribution of The Great Gatsby.
CastingFrom left to right: and director,,,, and producer and designer at the premiere of The Great Gatsby in Sydney, May 22, 2013
Luhrmann said the results from the movie's workshop process of auditioning actors for roles in The Great Gatsby had been "very encouraging" to him. was cast first, in the title role of. It is the second time Luhrmann and DiCaprio worked together; DiCaprio costarred in Luhrmann's (1996). was cast to play Nick Carraway. Reports linked to the lead role of Daisy Buchanan, in October 2010. The next month reported that Luhrmann had been auditioning numerous actresses, including,,,,, and, as well as considering, for Daisy. Soon afterward, with her commitment to 's (2011), Johansson pulled out.
On November 15, Luhrmann announced that had been cast to play Daisy after reading for the part on 2 November in New York. She got the role shortly after Luhrmann showed her audition footage to Sony Pictures Entertainment executives Amy Pascal and Doug Belgrad, who were impressed by the actress' command of the character. Mulligan burst into tears after learning of her casting via a phone call from Luhrmann, who informed her of his decision while she was on the at an event in New York. Luhrmann said: "I was privileged to explore the character with some of the world's most talented actresses, each one bringing their own particular interpretation, all of which were legitimate and exciting. However, specific to this particular production of The Great Gatsby, I was thrilled to pick up the phone an hour ago to the young -nominated British actress Carey Mulligan and say to her: 'Hello, Daisy Buchanan.'"
In April, was in talks about playing the role of Tom Buchanan but had to pass due to a scheduling conflict with (2012). Several weeks later, Affleck was replaced by. had previously lobbied for the part and was a major contender. was cast to play Myrtle Wilson. Australian newcomer won the part of Jordan Baker, right after graduating from Victorian College of the Arts.
While casting for the supporting role of Jordan, the filmmaker said the character must be "as thoroughly examined as Daisy, for this production, for this time", adding, "It's like Olivier's Hamlet was the right Hamlet for his time. Who would Hamlet be today? Same with a Jordan or a Daisy". In June 2011, was cast as George B. Wilson. Indian actor makes a cameo appearance as Meyer Wolfshiem; this was his first Hollywood role.
The Great Gatsby was planned to be filmed in the area where the novel is set, starting in June 2011. The director instead opted to shoot principal photography in. Filming began on September 5, 2011, at and finished on December 22, 2011, with additional shots filmed in January 2012. The film was shot with digital cameras and Ultra. The "Valley of Ashes", the desolate land located between West Egg and New York was shot in and Manly Business School in –known as –doubled as Gatsby's mansion. Nick's house was located in.
Setsin 1922, during the period that Fitzgerald would have known it
In creating the background scenery for the world depicted in the film, designer stated that the team styled the interior sets of Jay Gatsby's mansion with gilded opulence, in a style that blended establishment taste with. The long-destroyed, thought by scholars to have partially inspired Fitzgerald's Jay Gatsby estate, was used as a main inspiration for Gatsby's home in the film. The filming for the exterior of Jay Gatsby's mansion was the college building of the, Some inspiration was also drawn from other, mansions, including and La Selva Mansion. Features evoking the Long Island mansions were added in post-production.Inspiration for the Buchanan estate came from Old Westbury Gardens in.
The inspiration for the film version of the Buchanan estate came from. The mansion exterior was built on a soundstage, with digital enhancements added. The interior sets for the Buchanan mansion were inspired by the style of.
The home of Nick Carraway was conceived as an intimate cottage, in contrast with the grandeur of the neighboring Gatsby mansion. Objects chosen adhered to a central theme of what the designers saw as classic Long Island. The architecture conjures, with -type furnishings inside and an -style swing out.
The opening scene was filmed from Rivendell Child, Adolescent and Family Unit in Concord, Sydney, only a few kilometres from Sydney 2000 Olympic Stadium.
Many apparel designers were approached in collaboration of the film's costumes. The Great Gatsby achieved the iconic 1920s look by altering pieces from the and fashion archives. Martin also collaborated with for the costumes worn by the male cast members and extras. provided the jewelry for the film. and were behind the wardrobe and worked closely together to create pieces with "the European flair that was emerging amongst the aristocratic East Coast crowds in the 1920s".
Costume historians of the period, however, said that the costumes were not authentic, but instead modernized the 1920s-era fashions to look more like modern fashions. Most prominently, the women were clothed to emphasize their breasts, such as Daisy's push-up bra, in contrast to the flat-chested fashions of the era. While the book was set in 1922, the movie included fashions from the entire decade of the 1920s and even the 1930s. Many of the fashions from archives were concepts from runways and fashion magazines that were never worn by women in real life. Martin says that she took the styles of the 1920s and made them sexier and was trying to interpret 1920s styles for a modern audience. Alice Jurow, of the Art Deco Society of California, said that she loved the movie, but most of their members prefer more period-perfect films. The men's costumes were more authentic, except that the pants were too tight.
Gatsby's carLeonardo DiCaprio alongside the 1929 Duesenberg J
Although Gatsby's car in the novel was a (most likely a ), the film's version was a. Both the novel and the film are clearly stated to be set in 1922, yet the used in the film was actually first introduced in 1929.
Release and marketing
Originally scheduled for a December 25, 2012 release, on August 6, 2012, it was reported that the film was being moved to a summer 2013 release date. In September 2012, this date was confirmed to be May 10, 2013. The film opened the on May 15, 2013, shortly following its wide release in and 2D formats.
The first for The Great Gatsby was released on May 22, 2012, almost a year before the film's release. Songs featured in various trailers include: "" by and ; a cover of 's "" performed by ; a cover of ' "" by the band ; a cover of 's "" performed by and ; "" performed by ; and two songs, "" and "", performed by.
On April 15, 2013, premiered "The Gatsby Collection", a line of men's clothing, shoes and accessories "inspired by the costumes designed by Catherine Martin for Baz Luhrmann's The Great Gatsby". According to Fashion Weekly, "The looks weren't simply based on 1920s style: the new duds were designed based on the brand's actual archives [...] Brooks Brothers was one of the initial arbiters of Gatsby-era look. The actual costumes, designed by Catherine Martin, will be on display in select Brooks Brothers boutiques."
On April 17, 2013, unveiled windows at its Fifth Avenue flagship store "inspired by" Luhrmann's film and created in collaboration with Luhrmann and costumer Catherine Martin. The jewelry store also premiered "The Great Gatsby Collection" line of jewelry designed in anticipation of the film. The collection comprises 7 pieces: a, a headpiece (both reportedly based on archival Tiffany designs), a necklace and four different rings, including one in platinum with a 5.25-carat diamond, priced at US5,000.
Released on May 7, the film's soundtrack is also available in a deluxe edition; a exclusive release also features three extra tracks. The was executive-produced by and.
Penned by and the film's director, Baz Luhrmann, the song "" was released to as a, and was used as the film's. A snippet of the track appeared in the official trailer for the film and played during the scene where the characters portrayed by and express their romantic feelings for one another. magazine called the single "haunting", while MTV called it "somber-sounding". The track performed by Florence and the Machine, "", the "green light" symbol from the novel in its. Chris Payne of praised and 's cover of "", made unique with a wobble. recorded "Together" for the film, with telling MTV that the band's contribution to the soundtrack sounds like "despair", and revealing that it utilizes a 60-piece.
Speaking of his goals for the movie's musical backdrop, Baz Luhrmann expressed his desire to blend the music of the, associated with the 1922 setting of the story, with a modern spin. Much like his modern twists applied in and, Baz uses the movie's music not as a background, but instead prominently in the foreground, which takes on a character of its own.
The Great Gatsby grosses 4.8 million in North America, and 8.8 million in other countries, for a worldwide total of 3.6 million. Calculating in all expenses, Deadline Hollywood estimated that the film made a profit of.6 million.
In North America, The Great Gatsby earned US.4 million on its opening Friday, including US.25 million from Thursday night and midnight shows. It went on to finish in second place, behind, during its opening weekend, with US.1 million. This was the sixth-largest opening weekend for a film that did not debut in first place, the second largest opening weekend for a film starring Leonardo DiCaprio behind, and Luhrmann's highest-grossing movie.
On review aggregation website the film has an approval rating of 49% based on 275 reviews, with an average rating of 5.8/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "While certainly ambitious—and every bit as visually dazzling as one might expect—Baz Luhrmann's The Great Gatsby emphasizes visual splendor at the expense of its source material's vibrant heart." gives the film a score of 55 out of 100, based on reviews from 45 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by the market research firm gave an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.
of felt the elaborate production designs were a misfire and likened the film to the Roaring Twenties themselves as Fitzgerald envisioned and criticized them, stating that what is "intractably wrong with the film is that there's no reality to heighten; it's a spectacle in search of a soul." The review felt "Luhrmann is exactly the wrong person to adapt such a delicately rendered story, and his 3D feature plays like a ghastly Roaring 20s blowout at a sorority house." In, observed that "The problem is that when the movie is entertaining it's not Gatsby, and when it's Gatsby it's not entertaining."
The positive reviews included of, who felt the adaptation was "a lot of fun" and "less a conventional movie adaptation than a splashy, trashy opera, a wayward, lavishly theatrical celebration of the emotional and material extravagance that Fitzgerald surveyed with fascinated ambivalence"; Scott advised "the best way to enjoy the film is to put aside whatever literary agenda you are tempted to bring with you." of reserved special praise for DiCaprio's performance, saying "magnificent is the only word to describe this performance – the best movie Gatsby by far, superhuman in his charm and connections, the host of revels beyond imagining, and at his heart an insecure fraud whose hopes are pinned to a woman."
The Scene Magazine gave the movie a "B-" rating, and praised the actors' performances, in particular saying that "the stand-out actor is Joel Edgerton as Tom Buchanan doing an excellent job of showing the character’s gruffness, despite the one-dimensionality given to him". A granddaughter of Fitzgerald praised the style and music of the film.
Tobey Maguire's role as Nick was given mixed reviews from critics, with Philip French of calling him "miscast or misdirected;" Ann Hornaday of saying "Tobey Maguire is his usual recessive presence, barely registering as either a dynamic part of the events he describes or their watchful witness;" and Elizabeth Weitzman of The saying despite "the wry-observational skills needed for Nick's Midwestern decency", the character is "directed toward a wide-eyed, one-note performance". Rick Groen of was more positive of Maguire's character, saying "our narrator, [is] prone to his occasionally. But that imposed conceit, the image of a talented depressive writing from inside the bauble of his imagination, seems to validate his inflated prose and, better yet, lets us re-appreciate its inherent poetry."
AccoladesAwards Award Date of ceremony Category Recipients Result (Art Direction); (Set Decoration) Won Won, Catherine Martin,,, and Catherine Knapman Won Baz Luhrmann Won Baz Luhrmann and Craig Pearce Won Won Nominated Won Won Nominated Simon Duggan Won,, and Jonathan Redmond Won Won Wayne Pashley, Jenny Ward, Fabian Sanjurjo, Steve Maslow, Phil Heywood, and Guntis Sics Won Catherine Martin, Karen Murphy, Ian Gracie, and Beverley Dunn Won Catherine Martin, Silvana Azzi Heras, and Kerry Thompson Won Joel Edgerton Nominated Baz Luhrmann Nominated February 8, 2014 Excellence in Production Design – Period Film Catherine Martin Won February 16, 2014 Best Costume Design Catherine Martin Won Best Make-up and Hair, Kerry Warn Nominated Best Production Design Catherine Martin, Beverley Dunn Won February 22, 2014 Excellence in Period Film Catherine Martin Nominated January 16, 2014 Best Costume Design Catherine Martin Won Best Production Design Catherine Martin, Beverley Dunn Won Best Song ""- Nominated January 21, 2014 Campy Flick of the Year Nominated Visually Striking Film of the Year Nominated Elizabeth Debicki Nominated Baz Luhrmann Nominated
Music by and, Lyrics by Lana Del Rey Nominated Craig Armstrong Nominated International 3D Society's Creative Arts Awards January 28, 2014 Outstanding Live Action 3D Feature Film Nominated February 16, 2014 Best Sound Editing: Music Score in a Feature Film Jason Ruder Won Catherine Martin (Art Direction); Beverley Dunn (Set Decoration) Won Catherine Martin Nominated
Music by Lana Del Rey and Rick Nowels, Lyrics by Lana Del Rey Won Best Cinematography Simon Duggan Nominated Best Art Direction Won Best Soundtrack Nominated February 12, 2014 Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Feature Motion Picture Chris Godfrey, Prue Fletcher and Joyce Cox Nominated Baz Luhrmann Nominated Catherine Martin and Beverley Dunn Won Simon Duggan Nominated Won
Other film adaptations of The Great Gatsby include:
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- , a TV film starring and, and as Nick Carraway
- , a loosely adapted musical starring
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