WORLD'S FIRST COINS FROM INDIAIndia developed some of the world's first coins. (scholars debate exactly which coin was first and when). Sometime around 600BC in the lower Ganges valley in eastern India a coin called a punchmarked Karshapana was created. It was made by taking a flat, though often irregularly shaped, piece of silver, cutting it to the proper weight, then applying a series of punches to the front of it.. The punches include a wide variety of symbols. The silver coins typically weigh about 3.6 grams and are about 12 to 17mm. As the coin circulated, bankers or merchants would sometimes apply additional small punches on the back, verifying the weight and fineness of the coin. Vast quantities of the coins were issued by the Magadha Kingdom (circa 600-321BC) and Mauryan Empire (321-187BC) so they are relatively plentiful and inexpensive today. The punchmarked Karshapana was issued until about the second century BC, however the influence of this ancient coin is still felt today. The English word, "cash", is derived from the Sanskrit word, kārsha.
Item IN-PUNCH INDIA SILVER KARSHAPANA PUNCHMARKED COIN circa 600-200BC VG-F .50
Also around 600BC, a different style of coin came into being around Taxila and Gandhara in Northern Pakistan and Afghanistan called the "bent bar" Satamana. It was made by cutting thick strips of silver to the proper weight and punching a 7-armed “taxila” symbol is on either end of the bar. The coins were struck while hot, resulting in their "bent" shape. The convex side is blank. The coins are about 35 to 40mm long and weigh about 11grams. Taxila and Gandhara were major centers of overland trade with Persia and Mesopotamia, which may have influenced the development of the coin. The weight is very close to that of the Babylonian weight called a shekel (it was not yet a coin) and ancient bar shaped silver ingots have been found in Iran. The "bent bar" Satamana was made of good silver and struck from about the 600 to 300BC.
Item IN-GAND TAXILA-GANDHARA SILVER BENT BAR, circa 600-300BC, Fine 0.00
ANCIENT BENT-BAR COIN OF INDIAThis unusual bent-bar Satamana is one of the earliest coins of India. It is believed to have been issued by the Kuru and Panchala realms in north-central India between about 450BC and 350BC. The thick, slightly bent billon (low grade silver) are approximately 22 to 24mm long, 11 to 14mm wide and about 3mm thick. A crude seven-armed “taxila” symbol is on either end on the concave side of the bar, the convex side is blank. The coins are modeled after the silver bent bar coins used in what is now Pakistan. It is an interesting and affordable example of a very early coin.
Item IN-BAR KURU & PANCHALA BENT BAR SATAMANA COIN, circa 450-350BC .50
ELEPHANT ON ANCIENT SATAVAHANA COINAn elephant is depicted on obverse of this ancient Karshapana of the Satavahana (Andhra) Empire. At its peak the empire controlled most of central and southern India. The reverse depicts the Ujjain symbol, also known as the Satavahana symbol. The symbol comprises of four circles attached to the ends of the bars of a cross. The coin was issued by the early Satakarni dynasty between about 30 AD and 107AD. The Satavahana Empire ruled most of central and southern India and engaged in trade with the Roman Empire. The coin is struck in a copper and lead alloy called potin.
Item IN-SATAV SATAVAHANA KARSHAPANA, ELEPHANT, circa 30-107AD MAC4941+ Fine .50
BRONZE COIN OF THE KUSHAN EMPIREThe Kushan Empire covered much what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India from about the first to the third century AD. They grew wealthy controlling trade centers on the Silk Road and on the Indus River and incorporated elements of the Greek, Roman, Chinese, Persian, Indian and other cultures into their lives. Their coins incorporate Greek designs and often use a corrupted Greek alphabet in the legends. We offer a well made bronze Tetradrachms of Kushan king “Soter Megas”. The title "Soter Megas" means Great Savior. The coin, which grades VG to Fine, shows the Greek style diademed bust of the king on one side, and the king on horseback on the other. The king thought of himself as being so great, he did not need to put his actual name on the coin. Until quite recently however, scholars did not know who really was! It is now believed that he is Vima Takha who succeeded Kujula Kadphises, ruling from 80AD to 105AD. He expanded his empire into what is now Pakistan.
Item SOTER KUSHAN BRONZE TETRADRACHM, SOTER MEGAS 80-105AD VG-F .75
ANCIENT KUSHANO-SASANIAN COPPER COIN After the split of the Kushan Empire around 230AD, the eastern portion became a vassal state of the is known as the Kushano-Sassanians. It controlled parts of what are now Afghanistan and Pakistan. It remained until about 350AD, when the area was conquered by the White Huns (Hephthalites). These small, crude copper coins, sometimes called a Drachm or a unit, were minted between about 241 and 350AD. They are some of the last coins of the Kushano-Sasanians. They are modeled after the Sasanian silver Drachm, however are smaller, much cruder and made of copper. One side features the bust of the king, the other features a Zoroastrian fire altar.
Item KUSHAN-SAS KUSHANO-SASANIAN COPPER DRACHM, ca.241-350AD G-CRUDE .00
COINS OF THE KIDARITESThe Kidarites were nomadic Huns that conquered the sometime around 350AD. They are sometime referred to as the “Red Huns”. Very little is known about them. They controlled an area that now is made up of parts of northern , northern , as well as parts of , and Turkmenistan. . They ruled the region until about 500AD. The Kidarites appear to have been a confederacy of warlords, many of whom issued coins. Not having had a tradition of coinage, they copied the basic designs and fabric of the coins they found in circulation without an apparent understanding of the meaning of the designs. Some of the coins are modeled on or coins depicting the bust of the king and a fire altar. Other coins are modeled after Kushan or other Indian coins and feature various deities or a standing king. There is a wide variety of extremely crude and primitive Kidarite copper coins. These scarce, crude Kidarite copper coins are unusual pieces from a little know Hunnic tribe.
Item KIDARx1 KIDARITE COPPER UNIT, circa 350-500AD, CRUDE .00
SILVER DRACHM OF THE PALAS OF BENGALThe Pala Dynasty arose in Bengal India in the mid-eighth century after a period of anarchy. They were astute diplomats, military conquerors and scholars. They established and promoted universities, built grand temples and monasteries, their missionaries established Buddhism in Tibet, their army was noted for its corps of war elephants and it had an extensive navy. These silver Drachms of the Palas were struck during a period of dynastic decline between about 850 and 950AD. The designs of the coins are based on the , which had not been stuck for hundreds of years. Each generation created new coins by copying the designs of the crudely made coins already found in circulation. One side had the head of the king. The other side had a fire altar. By the time the Palas came to power the coiners had no concept of what the original coins looked like, resulting in a design that bears little resemblance to the original. Every coin is different, and every coin is crude.
Item IN-PALA PALAS OF BENGAL, SILVER DRACHM, circa 850-950AD VG-CRUDE .00
Item IN-PALAx3 3 DIFFERENT PALAS SILVER DRACHMS, circa 850-950AD VG-CRUDE .50
SILVER COINS OF THE HABBARID AMIRS OF SINDHSindh (Sind) is located in what is now the south-eastern portion of Pakistan. The Habbaris were Arab traders and merchants that settled in Sindh in pre-Islamic times. Despite living in India for hundreds of years and marrying locals, they maintained their Arab identity, language and customs. By the mid 9th century AD they were able to assert control over Sindh, paying only nominal allegiance to the Abbasid Caliph. The coinage of the Habbarids of Sind (also known as the Amirs of Sindh) consisted of small (10 to 11mm) silver Dammas (Dhammas) that feature Arabic inscriptions on both sides. In 1026 Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud conquered Sindh. We are pleased to offer silver Dammas of two of the Habbarid sultans of Sindh. Abdallah I, who ruled from about 884 to 913AD, and Ali, who ruled from about 973 to 987AD
Item SINDH-ABD SINDH SILVER DAMMA, ABDALLAH ca.884-913AD VF .00
Item SINDH-ALI SINDH SILVER DAMMA, ALI ca. 973-987AD VF .00
SILVER RUPEE OF MUGHAL EMPEROR MUHAMMAD SHAH FROM BANARAS MINTMuhammad Shah was placed on the throne of the Mughal Empire of India in 1719 by the Sayyid Brothers. The Brothers were Mughal generals who had made and deposed previous Emperors, making the Emperor little more than a figurehead. They set themselves up as regents for Muhammad Shaw, however the Emperor soon had them killed and took control of the country. Unfortunately he was a poor administrator, more interested in arts and culture than statecraft. The nation underwent a great decline during his reign, including an invasion by the Persians who sacked and looted the capital. The decline of the once powerful empire provided an opening for the British, who eventually took control of most of India. Muhammad Shaw as said to have died of grief in 1748 after hearing that his friend, Grand Vizier Qamaruddin Khan died in battle. This silver Rupee of Muhammad Shah was minted between 1744 and 1748 at the Muhammadabad Banaras (now called Varanasi) Mint. Varanasi, located on the Ganges river, is the spiritual center of India. It is the most visited pilgrimage site in India. Bathing in the highly polluted river is believed to wash away all of one’s sins. The coin grades Almost Uncirculated, however has a single small shroff mark (punch mark) to test if the coin was good silver.
Item IN-MU-SHAH MUGHAL INDIA 1 RUPEE MUHAMMAD SHAH, 1744-48, BANARAS KM436.15 AU-shroff mark .00
RARE DUTCH INDIA DUIT DEPICTS KALIThe Dutch took Negapatnam, a port city in south-east India, from the Portuguese in 1658. It served as the capital of the Dutch East India Companies operations in southeast India from 1690 until it was conquered by the British in 1784. In 1695 the Dutch mint in Negapatnam struck these crude, undated, copper Duits for use in southeast India and Ceylon. One side has a crude depiction of the Goddess Kali, the Goddess of death, destruction and disease. The other side has the name of the city in Tamil. The coin is about 13mm to 14mm in diameter. Coins of Dutch India are difficult to find.
Item IN-DUTCH-26 DUTCH INDIA - NEGAPATNAM 1 DUIT (1795) KM26 FINE-Crude .00
COIN OF DUTCH OCCUPIED FRENCH INDIAThe French East India Company took control and established a trading post at Pondicherry on the south east coast of India in 1673. In 1693 the Dutch East India Company captured the town and controlled it until 1699, when it was returned to the French by the Treaty of Ryswick. The Dutch issued this undated bronze 1 Cash coin during the brief six year period of Dutch control of Pondicherry. The coin features a crude depiction of Kali, the Hindu Goddess of death, destruction and disease on one side and Hindu legends on the other.
Item IN-POND-DUTCH DUTCH PONDICHERRY 1 CASH KM23 1693-98 VG-Crude .00
BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY COIN OF THE MADRAS PRESIDENCYThis copper 1 Cash coin was struck by the British East India Company from 1730’s to the 1750’s for use in their Madras Presidency. The Madras Presidency controlled a vast territory encompassing much of south-west India. The royally chartered but privately owned stock company had its own army and exercised administrative control of the region as well as minting its own coins. The appointed company official in charge of the region was called a President, hence the name “Presidency”. These small (8 - 10mm) coins have a simple design, with the East India Company “bale mark” on one side and the date on the other. Despite the simple design, not much care was taken making the hand-struck coins, and in most examples the last digit of the date is not visible. Those with a readable date have a catalog value of 5.00. We have some that are dated 1733, and some without the last digit of the date which we can offer for much less.
Item IN-MADRAS-1733 MADRAS 1 CASH, KM302, DATED 1733, VF .00
Item IN-MADRAS-ND MADRAS 1 CASH, KM302, INCOMPLETE DATE, VF .00
HIGH GRADE PIE OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY BENGAL PRESIDENCYUntil 1835 the British East India Company ruled India through regions known as Presidencies. Each Presidency issued its own coins. From the Bengal Presidency we have this undated copper 1 Pie coin. The design consists only of the denomination written in English, Bengali, Persian and Hindi. The 16.5mm coin was struck at the Calcutta mint from 1831 until 1835. It is Uncirculated, though has picked up some toning over the last 180 or so years, so we call it AU-UNC.
Item IN-PIE BRITISH EAST INDIA CO.-BENGAL 1 PIE (1830-35) KM58 AU-UNC .00
SILVER RUPEE OF AWADHThis attractive silver Rupee was struck in 1813 by Saadat Ali Khan, the Nawab of Awadh. Adwadh was a princely state in north-west India. The coin is dated AH1228, Year 26 and was struck at the Muhammadabad Benares mint. Muhammadabad Benares, now known as Varanasi, is located on the Ganges river. It has been an center of Hindu culture and pilgrimages for thousands of years. The coin is struck in the name of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who died seven years earlier in 1806. Awadh was nominally under the authority of the Mughal Emperor, though by then the Mughals had virtually no power. Saadat Ali Khan owed his power to the British who deposed the previous Nawab who was his half-nephew.
Item IN-AWADH AWADH SILVER RUPEE AH1228, YR.26, BENARES MINT KM103.2 XF .50
SCARCE SILVER COIN OF GARHWALGarhwal was a small mountainous kingdom that stretched from the foothills of the Himalayas to the border of Tibet. It was founded in the 9th Century AD and was controlled by the same ruling dynasty until it was invaded by Nepal in 1803. It issued few coins throughout its long history. The silver Timasha was a local denomination unique to Garhwal, and was the only precious metal coin issued by that kingdom. This undated silver Timasha was struck between 1759 and 1772, during the reign of Pradip Shah. It was during his reign that Garhwal achieved its greatest power. In keeping with Indian tradition, the coin was struck in the name of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. It is a crudely made coin that shows minimal wear, however it is unevenly struck and off center. This Timasha of Garhwal is a scarce silver coin from a rarely encountered Indian kingdom.
Item IN-GARHWAL GARHWAL SILVER TIMASHA (1759-1772) C10 VF-CRUDE .50
OLD, UNCIRCULATED COIN OF GWALIORUnder the British rule of India, some states retained the right to issue their own coins. These are called Princely State or Native State issues. After gaining independence, the Republic of India put an end to these coins. Gwalior, located in central India, issued this copper 1/4 Anna in 1913. One side depicts Maharaja Madho Rao, the other has the coat-of-arms. It is an unusually thick coin, 2.2mm. The coin is in its original mint state, though Uncirculated though is weakly struck.
Item IN-GWAL GWALIOR 1/4 ANNA 1913 KM170 UNC. .00
EDWARD VIII COIN OF JODHPUREdward VIII became King of Great Britain and Emperor of India on January 20, 1936 upon the death of his father, George V. He abdicated on December 11 of the same year in order to marry Wallis Simpson, a twice divorced American woman. Though Great Britain did not issue any coins of Edward VIII, the Indian state of Jodhpur issued this copper 1/4 Anna in the name of Edward VIII and Maharaja Umaid Singh. The thick copper coin is approximately 19mm in diameter. It is an interesting coin from of one of the shortest reigning monarchs in British history.
Item IN-JODHPUR JODHPUR 1/4 ANNA 1936 EDWARD VIII KM132 VF .00
BIG MULTI-CULTURAL COPPER COIN FROM KUTCHMaharaja Khengarji III ruled the Indian State of Kutch for 66 years, spanning that of five British monarchs. He advocated education, especially for women, funded schools, libraries and museums and built a modern mint in the capital city of Bhuj which opened in 1928. In keeping with the two major religions of his state, he alternately worshiped at the Hindu temple and Muslim mosque. This large (33mm) copper 3 Dokda was minted at the new mint from 1928 until the death of Emperor George V in 1935. In keeping with the various cultures of his state, one side of the coin has legends in Urdu proclaiming Emperor George V, the AD date, and a Katar (dagger). The other side has legends in Devanagari proclaiming Maharaja Khengarji, the Samvat Era date and a trident. The trident is the symbol of the seven-eyed Goddess Ashapura, who is the principal deity of Kutch.
Item IN-KUTCH-3D KUTCH 3 DOKDA 1928-1935 Y57 VF .00
SILVER KORI OF KUTCH FROM SHORT REIGN OF EDWARD VIIIThis silver 1 Kori coin was issued by the semi-independent Indian state of Kutch. Due to its geographical isolation in western India, Kutch had a monetary system unlike most of the rest of India. This silver Kori was issued jointly in the name of Khengarji III, who ruled Kutch for some 66 years, and British king Edward VIII, who reigned for less than a year in 1936, before abdicating the throne in order to marry an American divorcee. The coin is dated both AD 1936 and VS1992 or VS1993 in the Vikrama Samvat calendar. The thick, 17mm silver coin features the three symbols of Kutch: a trisul, a dagger, and a crescent moon, weighs 4.7 grams and grades Very Fine or better.
Item IN-KUTCH-65 INDIA, KUTCH SILVER KORI EDWARD VIII AD1936 Y65 VF-XF .00
PUVEERA TOKEN FROM TANJORETanjore, now known as Thanjavur, is a city in south India. It did not have the authority to issue coins. In the late 19th or early 20th century it issued these small copper Puveera tokens, apparently to help carry on commerce during an important local festival.
Item IN-TANJORE TANJORE PUVEERA TOKEN, 19th-20th CENTURY, VG-VF .00
COINS OF THE INDIAN PRINCELY STATES
Though the British controlled most of India prior to its independence in 1947, many of the Indian states retained their right to issue coins. Most coins could only be used within the state they were issued and there was little standardization of the coins or denominations issued from state to state. The result was a bewildering array of coins, many of which have limited mintages. We have assembled a collection of coins from six different Indian native states. The set currently includes a square Paisa from Bahawalpur from the 1920's; 1/4 Anna of Gwalior that pictures the Maharajah; a crude, irregularly shaped Dodia Paisa from the desert state of Jaisalmir issued from 1660 to 1863; 1 Paisa from Jodhpur struck during World War II; an eight-sided 1 Anna from Mewar minted in 1943, a thick Dokdo from Nawanagar that was struck from about 1570 to 1894. All eight coins are copper or bronze. Coins grade from Very Good to Uncirculated. An identification guide is included with each set. Because of the difficulty in obtaining coins of the Indian States, we sometimes have to vary the exact coins included in the set.
Item INS-SET6 COINS FROM 6 DIFFERENT INDIAN STATES .50
AN ODD COIN FROM BRITISH INDIAIndia introduced this unusual, short-lived, scalloped, copper-nickel 4 Annas in 1919. It was discontinued in 1921. The obverse features King George V. The reverse has the denomination in five languages: English, Urdu, Telugu, Nagri, and Bengali. It is an interesting coin from colonial British India.
Item IN-4A BRITISH INDIA 4 ANNAS 1919-1920 KM519 VG .00
HINDU TEMPLE TOKENS (RAMA TANKAS)A variety of temple tokens, commonly known as Rama Tankas, were made in India between the mid-19th and mid-20th Century. The privately minted tokens were sold or distributed at temples and bazaars. They were often given as gifts and would be treasured by families. Most are made from brass or silver-plated brass and tend to be crudely engraved. The most common types featured a scene from the ancient Hindu epoch poem called the Ramayana on the obverse. It depicts Rama and his wife Sita, seated on a platform, holding court (Durbar). To their right are their sons Kusha and Lava. An attendant holding a parasol is on their left. Beneath is Hanuman, the monkey god. The coins often bear a false date, which has nothing to do when the token was actually struck, but instead has a numerical significance. After the use of the Rama Tankas died out. We have the following major types of silver-plated brass Rama Tankas depicting Rama and Sita on the obverse and various reverses:
Rama and his brother Lakshmana standing.
A Yantra, or mathematical magic square: the numbers 1 through 9 are lined up so they add up to 15 in every direction
These silver plated tokens were probably struck between 1920 and 1940 and are approximately 28mm in diameter. The tokens are crudely struck. They show minimal wear, though may have a bit of green caused by the underlying brass. They are unusual though little known though highly collectible pieces.
Item IN-RAMA-BROTHERS INDIA RAMATANKA - BROTHERS RAMA & LAKSHMANA, SILVER PLATED BRASS .00
Item IN-RAMA-SQUARE INDIA RAMATANKA - MAGIC SQUARE SILVER PLATED BRASS .00
TEA STALL TOKEN FROM INDIAOne side of this unusual oblong 27.5mm x 17mm copper token has the legends "TEA STALL H.M. LTD. INDORE", the other side depicts the number "4" on a teacup. The token is attributed as a 4 Anna token issued by Hukumchand Mills in Indore, India. The token was probably used in the company canteen sometime between the 1930’s and 1950’s. Hukumchand Mills was a large cotton mill that went bankrupt and closed down in 1991, owing wages and benefits to some 6000 workers. Since then the mill has been torn down. Attempts have been made to sell the land to provide funds to pay the workers, however disputes between various government agencies has prevented the sale of the land. After more than a quarter of a century the workers have still not been paid and the case drags on in court.
Item IN-TEA INDIA TEA STALL TOKEN, HUKUMCHAND MILLS, LTD. INDORE. Fine .00
LAST COIN OF PORTUGUESE INDIAPortuguese explorer Vasco da Gama first visited India in 1498. Portugal soon became the first European nation to establish colonies in India, and for many years enjoyed a profitable monopoly on European trade with India. With the coming of the British and Dutch in the 17th century, Portuguese power declined, until all that was left were three minor outposts on the west coast of India. In 1961, after years of preaching non-violence, the Indian armed forces invaded these last remaining outposts and forcibly annexed them, thus bringing an end to this long series of colonial coins. We offer the 1961 Portuguese India 10 Centavos in Uncirculated condition. It was the last coin produced before the Indian invasion. The coin features the arms of Portuguese India on one side and the denomination on the other.
Item IN-PORT-30 PORTUGUESE INDIA 10 CENTAVOS 1961 (KM30) UNC. .00
THE FLATTENED COINS OF PORTUGUESE INDIA
In December 1961, the Indian government invaded and conquered Portugal’s remaining colonies in India, ending over 450 years of Portuguese rule in India. The coins of Portuguese India were recalled, flattened and melted for scrap metal. A few flattened coins escaped the melting pot. We obtained some flattened sets of Portuguese Indian coins. The set includes the copper-nickel 60 Centavos, 1, 3 and 6 Escudos dated 1958 or 1959. Some coins show major flattening, some show no flattening at all. The sets came pre-packaged so we are unable to sort by the amount of flattening.
Item IN-PORT-FLAT PORTUGUESE INDIA SET OF 4 FLATTENED COINS .00
INDIA’S FIRST DECIMAL COINS INCLUDE ODD SHAPESIndia introduced their first decimal coins in 1957. The coins were initially called Naye Paise, or new Paise, to distinguish them from the previous coins. In order to aid the many blind in the country, each coin was distinctly different. This four coin set includes the round 1 Naye Paisa, scalloped edge 2 Naye Paisa, the square 5 Naye Paise, and the scalloped edge 10 Naye Paisa all dated 1957. The coins have the denomination on one side and the lions from the Sarnath pillar of Ashoka, which serves as the national emblem of India.
Item IN-SET57 INDIA 4 COIN SET 1-10 NAYE PAISE, 1957 UNC. .00
HUNDIS FROM INDIA
The Hundi is a financial instrument developed by the native bankers in India. It can perform a variety of banking tasks. Depending on how it is written it may act like a Bill of Exchange, extension of credit, transfer of funds, or a travelers check. The Indian government, seeing a lucrative source of revenue, required all Hundis to be written on a special watermarked government form bearing a tax imprint. We offer a set of two Hundi notes. Included is a Hundi bearing a 2 Rupee tax imprint on a mostly blank form that references another document, and a Hundi bearing a 1 Rupee tax imprint that is on a pre-printed form for the Swadeshi Cotton Mills Company Limited. The Hundis are approximately 220mm x 130mm (5.25” x 8.75”) and were issued in the 1970’s. It is an unusual financial instrument that is rarely offered for sale.
Item PM-HUNDI SET OF 2 INDIAN HUNDI NOTES: 1 & 2 RUPEES, CANCELLED .50
INDIA CELEBRATES THE COMMONWEALTH GAMESIndia celebrated its hosting of the 2010 Commonwealth Games held in Delhi with these commemorative 2 and 5 Rupee coins. One side features the logo of the Games, the other features the features three lions from the Pillar of Asoka. The games drew 6,081 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies competing in 272 events, making it the largest Commonwealth Games ever. It was also the most expensive costing over billion, substantially above its original budget of 7 million. Despite apprehension in the weeks leading up to the game due slow pace in completing the facilities the Games were well received and closed on a positive note
Item IN-GAMES2 INDIA COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2 & 5 RUPEES, 2010 UNC. .00
TIGERS ON INDIA BANK COMMEMORATIVESA tiger standing in front of a palm tree are featured on each of these four coins commemorating the "Platinum Jubilee" (75th anniversary) of the Reserve Bank of India. The design is the seal of the bank, which was based on the gold Mohur coin of the British East India Company. The bank was founded in 1935 as a privately held institution that acted as the central bank for India. It was also the central bank for Burma until 1947. Following India's independence, it was nationalized in 1949 and is now held by the Indian government. It is the main monetary authority in India, with responsibility for all currency issues, management of foreign exchange, credit and interest rates. It is the supervisor and lender of last resort of all Indian commercial banks. Despite these vast powers, the coins it issued to commemorate itself are poorly struck with weak or missing design elements. It makes one wonder just how effective the Bank really is. The four coin set includes the bi-metallic 10 Rupees, nickel-brass 5 Rupees, stainless steel 2 and 1 Rupees dated 2010. The 3 lions from the ancient Pillar of Ashoka is on the obverse. Together the coins catalog for .00, however our price is much less.
Item IN-BANK INDIA 1, 2, 5 & 10 RUPEES 2010 RESERVE BANK OF INDIA KM385-388 UNC-weakly struck .50
60 YEARS OF INDIA'S PARLIAMENTIndia issued two circulating commemorative coins to honor the 60th anniversary of the first sitting of the Parliament of India: a 27mm bimetallic 10 Rupees, and a 23mm nickel-brass 5 Rupees. Both 2012 dated coins have similar designs featuring Parliament House on one side and the Lion capitol of the Pillar of Ashoka on the other. Both coins are Uncirculated, though may be a bit weakly struck.
Item IN-PARLM INDIA 5 RUPEES & 10 RUPEES, 2012 60th ANNIVERSARY OF PARLIAMENT, UNC. .00
INDIAN 5 RUPEES HONOR MINT, POLITICIAN & SWAMIIndia recently released three circulating 5 Rupee coins. The 60th Anniversary of the Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint in honored on a 2012 dated 5 Rupees picturing the mint building. The original mint was founded by the British in 1757 in a building next to the infamous Black Hole in old Fort William. The present mint, also known as the Alipore Mint, was started in the 1930’s, but did not open until 1952, due to delays caused by World War II. Motilal Nehru is portrayed on a 2012 dated 5 Rupees commemorating the 150th Anniversary of his birth. Nehru was an important leader in the Congress Party and is the patriarch of the Nehru-Gandhi family that has dominated Indian politics for decades. The 150th Anniversary of the birth of Swami Vivekananda commemorated on this undated 5 Rupee bearing his image. The coin lists his birth and death years: 1862 - 1902. He is considered a Patriotic Saint in India and his birthday is celebrated as National Youth Day. He is credited with bringing awareness of Hindu philosophies and Yoga to the Western world and helped revive Hinduism and Indian Nationalism within India. All three coins 23mm nickel-bronze coins feature the three lions from the ancient Pillar of Asoka on the obverse
Item IN-MINT INDIA 5 RUPEES 2012 KOLKATA MINT, UNC. .00
Item IN-NEHRU12 INDIA 5 RUPEES 2012 MOTILAL NEHRU, UNC. .00
Item IN-SWAMI INDIA 5 RUPEES SWAMI VIVEKANANDRA UNC. out
INDIA HONORS MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZADAbul Kalam Azad was a Muslim Indian scholar and a leader in the Indian independence movement. He advocated religious harmony among India’s religions and opposed the division of India and Pakistan. After India gained independence in 1947, he served as the nations first Education Minister until shortly before his death in 1958. This undated Indian 5 Rupee coin commemorating the 125th anniversary of his birth was issued in October 2014. He is depicted on the reverse. The obverse of the 23mm nickel-bronze coin features the three lions from the ancient Pillar of Asoka.
Item IN-AZAD INDIA 5 RUPEES (2014) ABUL KALAM AZAD, UNC. .00
INDIA HONORS ALLAHABAD HIGH COURTIndia issued this 2016 dated 5 Rupee coin to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Allahabad High Court. The court was established in Agra in 1866, making it one of the first high courts to be established in India. In 1868 the court was moved to Allahabad. The reverse of the coin depicts the center facade of Allahabad High Court Building emerging from a book and the years "1866 2016". The obverse of the 23mm nickel-bronze coin features the three lions from the ancient Pillar of Asoka.
Item IN-COURT INDIA 5 RUPEES 2016 ALLAHBAD HIGH COURT, UNC. .50
BI-METALLIC 2012 INDIA 10 RUPEEThis bi-metallic 2012 dated 10 Rupees coin from India was struck at the Noida mint. The mintmark is a dot below the date. Nodia is short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority. It is a modern planned city located near New Delhi that came into administrative existence in 1976. The obverse features the national emblem of the three lions from the Pillar of Asoka. The Pillar of Asoka is a sandstone monument from the third century BC. The reverse of the coin features 10 rays, representing “connectivity and information technology”. Beneath the rays is the new Rupee symbol and the number 10. The coin is Uncirculated, but like most modern Indian coins, may not be well struck.
Item IN-10R-12 INDIA 10 RUPEES 2012(N) KM400, UNC. .00
DAY OF YOGA COMMEMORATED ON BI-METAL INDIAN 10 RUPEESThe United Nations declared that June 21, 2015, the summer solstice, to be the First International Day of Yoga. Yoga is an ancient Yoga is an ancient physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in India. To commemorate the event India issued a bi-metallic 10 Rupees coin. The coin is dated June 21, 2015 and features the International Day of Yoga emblem along with the legends "INTERNATIONAL DAY OF YOGA" and "YOGA FOR HARMONY & PEACE" in English and Hindi. The standard 10 Rupee design featuring the ancient Pillar of Asoka is on obverse. Because we received requests for multiple pieces from those that wanted to hand them out at their Yoga class, we now offer the coin in groups of 10 at a discounted price.
Item IN-YOGA INDIA 10 RUPEES YOGA DAY, 2015 UNC. .00
Item IN-YOGAx10 10 Pieces of INDIA 10 RUPEES YOGA DAY, 2015 UNC. .75
INDIA HONORS AMBEDKAR ON 10 RUPEESIndia commemorated the 125th anniversary of the birth of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar on this 2015 dated bi-metallic 10 Rupee coin. Dr. Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb, was a lawyer, politician and social reformer. He helped craft the India’s constitution and campaigned against discrimination against the Dalits (Untouchables). The poorly struck coin depicts Dr. Ambedkar seated at a desk with a book. The obverse features the ancient Lion Pillar of Asoka and the denomination.
Item IN-AMBEDKAR INDIA 10 RUPEES 2015 Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR, UNC.-poor strike .00
INDIA CELEBRATES NATIONAL ARCHIVES WITH BI-METALLIC COIN India recently released this 2016 dated bi-metallic 10 Rupee coin to commemorate the 125th anniversary of its national archives. The archives were founded in 1891 as the Imperial Records Department. The coin depicts the National Archives building in New Delhi on the reverse. The obverse of the 27mm coin features the Lion Pillar of Ashoka and the denomination. The coin is Uncirculated, but like most modern Indian coins, is poorly struck.
Item IN-ARCHIEVE INDIA 10 RUPEES 2016 NATIONAL ARCHIVES UNC.-poor strike .00
NEW BI-METAL 10 RUPEES FROM INDIA
India recently released four new circulating bi-metallic 10 Rupee coins - dated 2015. The following coins were released. All 27mm bimetallic coins with the standard 3 headed lion pillar of Ashoka obverse. The coins are poorly struck as is typical of modern Indian coinage.
475th Anniversary of the birth Maharana Pratap. He was the Rajput king of Mewar who refused to submit to the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. He spent most of his reign, from 1572 to 1597 fighting against the Mughals. The coin depicts the armored king holding a bow and a sword.
150th of the birth Anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai, a lawyer who was active in the Indian independence movement in the early 20th century. He was also involved in the founding of the Punjab National Bank and the Lakshmi Insurance Company. He toured the United States from 1917 to 1920 advocating for Indian independence. The coin features his portrait.
125th Anniversary of the birth of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan who was a philosopher and politician who was a Vice President of India from 1952 to 1967. He helped form a modern understanding of Hinduism in both India and the west.
3rd India-Africa Forum Summit which was a major Indian diplomatic outreach to African nations held in New Delhi in October 2015. The coin depicts the logo of the summit which features the overlapping maps of Africa and India along with the face of an African lion overlapping an Indian tiger.
Item IN-10R-PRATAP INDIA 10 RUPEES 475th ANNIV. OF MAHARANA PRATAP 2015, UNC.-poor strike .00
Item IN-10R-LAJPAT INDIA 10 RUPEES 150th ANNIV. OF LALA LAJPAT RAI, UNC.-poor strike .00
Item IN-10R-RADHAK INDIA 10 RUPEES 125th ANNIV. OF DR. S.RADHAKRISHNAN, 2015 UNC.-poor strike .00
Item IN-10R-AFRICA INDIA 10 RUPEES 3rd AFRICA-INDIA SUMMIT, UNC.-poor strike .00
ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS COIN SET
Native wildlife is featured on this set of seven unofficial 2011 dated coins from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The territory, located in the Indian Ocean, consists of 572 islands, of which just 38 are permanently inhabited. Denmark, Austria and all attempted to colonize the islands. Britain eventually turned it into a penal colony. occupied it in . They are now a Union Territory of India. Over the years the indigenous inhabitants have been almost completely wiped out by disease, land encroachments and punitive military expeditions. Most of the few hundred that remain maintain a steadfast independence, refusing all outside contact. The bi-metallic 20 Rupees pictures a Nautilus. The bi-metallic 10 Rupees depicts a Dugong. An Indian Wild Boar is on the 5 Rupees. A Coconut Crab is shown on the 2 Rupees. The 1 Rupee has a Kuhl’s Flying Gecko. A Stork-billed Kingfisher is on the 50 Paisa and the Anadman clubtail butterfly is on the 25 Paise. The arms of the islands is on the obverse of each coin. Only 10,000 sets were minted.
Item ANDSET ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 7 COIN SET, 2011 UNC. .50
INDIVIDUAL COINS FROM THE ABOVE ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR COIN SET:
Item AND20R ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 20 RUPEE NAUTILUS BIMETALLIC, 2011 UNC. .00
Item AND10R ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 10 RUPEE DUGONG BIMETALLIC, 2011 UNC. .00
Item AND5R ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 5 RUPEE WILD BOAR, 2011 UNC. .00
Item AND2R ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 2 RUPEE COCONUT CRAB, 2011 UNC. .50
Item AND1R ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 1 RUPEE FLYING GECKO, 2011 UNC. .00
Item AND50P ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 50 PAISA KINGFISHER, 2011 UNC. .00
Item AND25P ANDAMAN & NICOBAR IS. 25 PAISA KINGFISHER, 2011 UNC. .00
CURRENT BANGLADESH COIN SETThis three coin set includes all of the current Bangladesh coins issued for circulation: the 1, 2 and 5 Taka. All three coins depict Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He was one of the founding fathers of Bangladesh and served as Premier until his assassination in 1975. His daughter, Sheikh Hasina has been Prime Minister since 2008. The reverse of the 1 and 2 Taka features the national emblem, a stylized lotus blossom floating on water, which is a fitting symbol for a nation that much of which is barely above sea-level and floods regularly. The reverse of the ten-sided 5 taka features the emblem of the national bank. All three coins are steel.
Item BD-SET3 BANGLADESH 1, 2 & 5 TAKA, 2012-2013 KM31.2-KM33 UNC. .00
FIRST COINS OF BHUTAN - THE DEB RUPEEThe tiny Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan is called the “Dragon Kingdom”. It was established as a priestly monarchy in 1652. For many years it used coins from the nearby Indian state of Cooch Behar. It started to strike its own coins about 1790, after the British East India Company closed the Cooch Behar mint. The undated coins, denominated as Deb (1/2) Rupees, were originally good silver; however by about 1840 the coins became heavily alloyed with copper. The copper Deb Rupees continued to be struck until about 1910. The Deb Rupee was the only denomination struck by Bhutan until the 20th century. Though the basic design remained unchanged, there are numerous varieties, making a fascinating collecting area.
Item BT-AE BHUTAN COPPER DEB (1/2) RUPEE circa 1835-1910 VF .00
Item BT-AEx10 10 of the above BHUTAN COPPER 1/2 RUPEE COINS VF .00
ATTRACTIVE COIN OF BHUTAN FEATURES BUDDHIST SYMBOLSThis attractive 1 Pice coin of Bhutan has an unusual design. One side features four Buddhist symbols. The other side is divided into nine sections featuring eight Buddhist symbols and the name of the country in the Bhutanese language in the central square. The 21.3mm undated bronze coin was struck in 1951 and 1955. The coin is Uncirculated.
Item BT-1P BHUTAN 1 PICE (1951-1955) KM27 UNC. .00
TINY GOLD COIN OF NEPALThis tiny gold Dam (1/128 gold Mohar) of Nepal was issued by King Surendra between 1847 and 1881. The coin is approximately 7mm in diameter. The coin is so thin that the reverse is the incuse impression of the obverse. Surendra became king at age 18 in 1847 when the Prime Minister, Jung Bahadur Rana, forced his father to abdicate. King Surendra had virtually no power. He was kept a prisoner in his palace by the Prime Minister who controlled who he could see and what he could read. The Prime Minister had his eldest son at age eight marry the eldest daughter of the king who was six years old. He then had his second son marry the second daughter of the king, and had the king’s oldest son marry three of his daughters.
Item NP-DAM NEPAL GOLD DAM, KING SUNENDRA 1847-1881 KM604 XF .75
NEPAL CELBRATES NEWSPAPERIn 2000 Nepal issued a circulating commemorative 1 Rupee commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Gorkhapatra Newspaper. The paper was the first to be established in Nepal. The 20mm brass coin features an inscription within a “wreath” made up of 10 newspaper readers. The obverse is the traditional Kingdom of Nepal emblem featuring various Hindu symbols
Item NP-NEWS NEPAL 1 RUPEE NEWSPAPER VS2057-2000AD KM1139 UNC. .00
NEPAL COIN HONORS SCOUTINGNepal recently released this 2012 dated copper-nickel 50 Rupee coin commemorating the 75th Anniversary of Scouting in Nepal. One side of the coin depicts the Nepal Scout emblem. The other side features Baden Powell Scout Peak. The peak, formerly known as Urkema Peak, was renamed by the government of Nepal in 2007 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the world Scouting movement. The peak, part of the Himalayas, stands 19,114 feet (5826m).
Item NP-SCOUTS NEPAL 50 RUPEES 2012 NEPAL SCOUTS UNC. .00
100th ANNIVERSARY OF SCOUTING SILVER COIN FROM PORTUGAL
NEPAL CELEBRATES JUNIOR RED CROSS WITH A COLORED COIN In March 2015 Nepal released a 100 Rupee coin commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Nepal Junior Red Cross Society. The 29mm copper-nickel colored coin features a red cross on one side and Mount Everest on the other. The coin is dated VS2071 which corresponds to 2014-2015 AD. Founded in 1965 as a wing of the Nepal Red Cross Society, the Nepal Junior Red Cross has some 800,000 members in almost 3,500 circles spread throughout the country. Their training proved valuable in the aftermath of the recent earthquae. The coin is Uncirculated, though may have some toning due to the way the Nepal mint handles coins.
Item NP-REDCROSS NEPAL 100 RUPEES JR. RED CROSS, COLORED COIN 2015 UNC. .00
SRI LANKA CELEBRATES 150th ANNIVERSARY OF COMMERCIAL TEA PRODUCTIONIn July 2017 Sri Lanka released a circulating 10 Rupee commemorating the 150th Anniversary of that nation's commercial tea production. The coin was requested by the Sri Lanka Tea Board. It features the 150th Anniversary logo on the obverse. The logo includes the lion and sword from Sri Lanka's arms and the legend "CEYLON TEA SYMBOL OF QUALITY". The country changed its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka, however the Tea Board decided to keep using Ceylon for marketing purposes. The standard 10 Rupee reverse is used on the coin and includes the denomination and name of the country in Sinhala, Tamil and English. The eleven-sided 26.4mm chromium steel coin was struck at the Kremnica mint in Slovakia with a mintage of 5 Million pieces. Though experimental tea plantings were done in Ceylog\n as early as 1824, coffee was the country's main export crop. The first commercial tea plantings and exports did not come until 1867. Coffee-rust was discovered on the island in 1869 and by the 1880's it destroyed most of the coffee trees. Corporations purchased the ruined farms, created vast estates and replanted them with tea. Soon tea became the nation's main export crop. Today Sri Lanka is one of the world's top tea exporters and is noted the high quality of its tea.
Item LK-TEA SRI LANKA 10 RUPEES 2017 CEYLON TEA 150th ANNIVERSARY UNC .00
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